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Idiopathic scoliosis

Approximately 90 percent of scoliosis cases are idiopathic, making it the most common type. Idiopathic means that doctors can’t pinpoint the cause of the spinal curvature.

Idiopathic Scoliosis is classified by the age at which it occurs.

This type of scoliosis is thought to be genetic involving multiple genes and a concept called variable penetrance. This means that in each generation there is variability in how strongly the genes are expressed, or how severe the curve is.

  • Infantile idiopathic scoliosis – Also known as early onset scoliosis, this type of scoliosis develops in children, mostly boys, under age 3.
  • Juvenile Idiopathic scoliosis – More common in girls, this kind of scoliosis occurs between the ages of 3 and 10.
  • Adolescent Idiopathic scoliosis – This type of scoliosis makes up the majority of idiopathic cases. It’s most common in girls between the ages of 11 and 17. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common diagnosis in children, representing nearly 90 percent of cases.
  • Adult idiopathic scoliosis –  This type is seen in adults 18 years and older.

“Adolescent Idiopathis Scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis that we see in teenagers. The most common symptoms we see are curvature of the spine, unevenness of the shoulders and unevenness of the hips. The treatment is based on the size of the curve. Research tells us that if your curve is 50 degrees or more, it will continue to progress throughout your lifetime. After surgery people can return to most physical activities 6 months after surgery.” Dr. Avramis

If you or your loved one is suffering from scoliosis, there is hope. We can help. Call Southwest Scoliosis Institute at 214-556-0565 to make an appointment.