Back Pain Relievers

Back pain refers to a common ailment that affects millions of people worldwide. Whether it is caused by poor posture, muscle strain, spinal conditions, or other factors, the pain must stop.  So, relief from back pain is a top priority for children who become affected. While there are various treatment options available, back pain medicines play a crucial role in managing pain. In this guide, we will explore the different types of back pain relievers, and their effectiveness in providing relief. By understanding these options, individuals suffering from back pain can make informed decisions and work towards finding the most suitable solution for their specific needs.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs):

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, commonly known as NSAIDs, are among the most frequently used medications for managing back pain. They work by reducing inflammation and alleviating pain. NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, are available over-the-counter and in prescription-strength formulations. While they offer effective relief for mild to moderate back pain, long-term or excessive use can lead to side effects such as stomach ulcers and kidney problems. It is essential to follow the recommended dosage and consult a healthcare professional if symptoms persist or worsen.


Acetaminophen, known as paracetamol in some regions, is another commonly used medication for back pain relief. Unlike NSAIDs, acetaminophen does not possess anti-inflammatory properties. However, it can effectively reduce pain signals in the brain. This over-the-counter medication is generally well-tolerated, but excessive doses can cause liver damage. It is crucial to adhere to the recommended dosage and avoid combining acetaminophen with other medications containing this compound.  This will prevent accidental overdosing.

Topical Analgesics:

Topical analgesics, available in the form of creams, gels, or patches, are applied directly to the skin over the affected area to provide localized relief. These products contain ingredients like menthol, capsaicin, or salicylates, which work by numbing the skin, stimulating blood flow, or interfering with pain signals. Topical analgesics are particularly useful for muscle strains, minor injuries, or arthritis-related back pain. They offer a safe alternative to oral medications, minimizing the risk of systemic side effects. However, individuals with sensitive skin should perform a patch test before widespread use to avoid potential allergic reactions.

Muscle Relaxants:

Muscle relaxants are prescribed medications that help relieve back pain by reducing muscle tension and spasms. These drugs act on the central nervous system, causing sedation and promoting muscle relaxation. Common muscle relaxants include cyclobenzaprine, methocarbamol, and baclofen. Due to their sedative effects, muscle relaxants can cause drowsiness and impair cognitive function, making them unsuitable for certain individuals, such as those operating heavy machinery or with a history of substance abuse. Short-term use under medical supervision is typically recommended.


Opioids, such as codeine, oxycodone, and morphine, are powerful pain relievers that doctors prescribe for severe or chronic back pain. These medications bind to opioid receptors in the brain, effectively blocking pain signals. However, due to their potential for addiction and abuse, doctors prescribe opioids cautiously and strictly under medical supervision. They are typically prescribed for short durations and as a last resort when other options have failed. Regular monitoring and close communication with healthcare professionals are essential to manage the potential risks associated with opioid use.

Physical Therapy and Exercise:

While medications can provide temporary relief, long-term management of back pain often requires a comprehensive approach that includes physical therapy and exercise. Physical therapists can design personalized treatment plans that include targeted exercises, stretching, and strengthening activities to alleviate pain, improve flexibility, and enhance posture. These interventions aim to address the underlying causes of back pain and prevent future episodes. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or yoga, can also help strengthen the back muscles and improve overall spinal health.

Alternative Therapies:

In addition to conventional medications and physical therapy, several alternative therapies can provide relief from back pain. These include chiropractic care, acupuncture, massage therapy, and spinal manipulation. While the effectiveness of these therapies may vary from person to person, many individuals find them beneficial in reducing pain, promoting relaxation, and restoring balance in the body. It is important to consult qualified practitioners and discuss any pre-existing medical conditions or concerns before embarking on alternative therapies.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Making certain lifestyle modifications can play a significant role in preventing and managing back pain. Maintaining a healthy weight, practicing good posture, using ergonomically designed furniture and equipment, and avoiding prolonged periods of sitting or standing can help alleviate stress on the back. Engaging in stress-reducing activities like meditation or deep breathing exercises can also contribute to overall well-being and indirectly alleviate back pain.


Back pain can significantly impact daily life and quality of life. While medications provide temporary relief, a holistic approach that includes physical therapy, exercise, and lifestyle modifications is key to long-term management. Understanding the different types of back pain relievers, their mechanisms of action, and their potential side effects empowers individuals to make informed decisions about their treatment options. It is important to consult with healthcare professionals like those at the Medical City Children’s Orthopedics and Spine Specialists to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses the underlying causes of back pain and improves overall spinal health. With the right approach, children can find relief and regain control over their lives.

We are accepting new patients and invite you to call our office and make an appointment for your child.  We have five offices in the following cities: Arlington, Dallas, Flower Mound, Frisco, and McKinney, TX.



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If your loved one suffers from scoliosis or another complex spine condition, hope exists. We can help. Call Southwest Scoliosis and Spine Institute at 214-556-0555 to make an appointment today.